TYPES OF GYMNASTICS | Hazli Collection


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Talking about gymnastics, we have to say that there are three different types, with many differences between them and to help you choose the more appropriate one, we will detail each of them.

Then you can move forward and find a club in your neighborhood.



Women's Artistic Gymnastics is the most well-known form of gymnastics with the most participants. Tickets to attend women's artistic gymnastics are the first to sell out at each Olympic Games! Women compete for both individual and team titles on four different events: Vault, Uneven Parallel Bars, and Floor Exercise. Women's gymnastics is often considered to be a beautiful combination of power, flexibility, and grace.


Men's gymnastics is the 2nd most popular form of gymnastics and also the oldest form dating back to the very early Olympic Games. Men compete both individually and as a team on 6 different events: Floor Exercise, Pommel Horse, Rings, Vault, Parallel Bars, and High Bar. The Vault and Floor apparatus are the same equipment used by the women. Men's gymnastics often has some of the highest flying tricks with amazing displays of strength.

How is scored in competition

In competition, the gymnast seeks to get the best possible score out of 10 in one or more disciplines. There are also all-round events and team events, also scored over each apparatus. In Olympic competition there are two evaluating judges for technical content, and six to mark execution. The highest and lowest marks are discarded and an average of the rest is worked out to give the final score out of 10.

Criteria for each apparatus is extensive, requiring gymnasts to be focused at all times.



Combining the elegance of the ballet with the precision of the artistic gymnastics, Rhythmic Gymnastics bursts with glamour, blurring the boundaries between sport and art. Rhythmic gymnasts strive to enchant judges and audiences with the polish of their exercises while executing enormously difficult maneuvers with one of four handheld apparatus: the Hoop, Ball, pair of Clubs and Ribbon.

Flexibility and musical interpretation are important elements in a rhythmic exercise. However, it is the amount of risk a gymnast takes, often throwing the apparatus several meters into the air and losing sight of it while performing leaps, turns or acrobatic maneuvers before regrasping it -- often in impossible-seeming catches -- that sets her routines apart.

This is currently a female-only sport in the Olympic Games. Women compete both individually and as a group with 5 different apparatus including Rope, Hoop, Ball, Clubs, and Ribbon.

How is scored in competition?

In the current Code of Points (2017-2020), the final grade is derived from the sum of the ratings for composition and performance, each with a maximum value of 10 points, so the final score will be a maximum of 20 points. There are also penalties, which are realized by subtracting points from the final note for certain specified mistakes made by the gymnast. "Composition" refers to the technical part of the exercise, difficulty, mastery of the apparatus, the risk factor, while “execution” grades includes values in all elements; musically, body art and technique with the appliance.



Aerobic gymnastics, also known as sport aerobics, involves the performance of routines by individuals, pairs, trios, or groups of up to six people. These routines typically emphasize strength, flexibility and aerobic fitness, rather than acrobatic or balance skills. Routines typically lasting 60 to 90 seconds are performed on floors, without the use of other apparatus.

Aerobic, born out of the fitness trend of the 1970s and 1980s, fuses mainstream Aerobic exercises - including those done with the infamous step benches - with dance steps, Gymnastics elements, lifts and strength holds. Whipped up to music with a driving beat, a good Aerobic performance takes one’s breath away.


Common benefits for all the types!

Flexibility: Gymnasts are among the most flexible of all athletes. Flexibility is a primary factor in gymnastics. Increasing flexibility can also be an effective aid to the reduction of injury, preventing people from forcing a limb to an injurious range of motion.

Increased cognitive functioning: Gymnastics allows children the chance to think for themselves, to stimulate their imaginations and to solve problems safely. It is also beneficial for improving concentration and mental focus – an important aspect of anyone’s life.

Increased coordination: Gymnasts do not react with as large a “startle response” to sudden imbalances as non-gymnasts. А rесеnt rеvіеw аbоut thе роѕіtіvе еffесtѕ оf gуmnаѕtісѕ оn сhіldrеn ѕhоwеd hоw іnсrеаѕіng сооrdіnаtіоn саn dіrесtlу іmрасt mоtоr ѕkіllѕ аnd bоdу аlеrtnеѕѕ. Тrаіnіng frоm а уоungеr аgе саn аllеvіаtе muѕсlе tеnѕіоn аnd mаkе уоur bоdу fееl mоrе соnѕсіоuѕ аnd аlіvе, а ѕtudу ѕuggеѕtѕ

Increased strength

Gymnasts are among the strongest, pound for pound, of all the Olympic athletes. Gymnasts are strong in what is termed "relative strength".

Gymnasts demonstrate their strength by being able to move their bodies through a myriad of positions. Their strength is high when expressed relative to their body weight. "Absolute strength" is the term sometimes applied to strength that is expressed by moving some object or opponent.

Gymnasts tend to develop upper body strength more than many other sports

  • May 10, 2018
  • Category: News
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